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Oil in Marine Ecosystems

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Selected References

Alloway, B.J. and D.C. Ayres. 1993. Chemical Principles of Environmental Pollution. Blackie, Academic Press.

Feder, H.M. and A. Blanchard. 1998. The deep benthos of Prince William Sound, Alaska, 16 months after the Exxon Valdez oil spill. Marine Poll. Bull. 36: 118-130.

Groot, K. 1998. Climate Change and Pacific Salmon. P. 57-61 in Speaking for the Salmon.

Law, R.J., V.J. Dawes, R.J. Woodhead and P. Matthiessen. 1997 Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) in seawater around England and Wales. Marine Pollution. Bull. 34: 306-322.

MacLaren Marex Inc., 1979. Oil spill contingency plan for well sites in the southern Gulf of St. Lawrence. Prepared for Hudson's Bay Oil and Gas Co. Ltd.

Orr, C.D. and R.M.P. Ward. 1981. The autumn migration of Thick-billed Murres near
Southern Baffin Island and Northern Labrador. Arctic 35: 531-536.

Parfitt, B. 1999. A Crude Solution: Should the moratorium on offshore oil and gas development in BC be lifted? Prepared by Sierra Legal Defence Fund for the Living Oceans Society and Greenpeace.

Petroleum resource potential of the Queen Charlotte Basin and environs, west coast Canada. 1995. Geological Survey of Canada.

Prince Rupert Daily News. November 13, 1998. "Clark says moratorium needs debate."

Reuters. October 5, 1998. "Lingering Exxon oil harms salmon, scientists say."

Ward, B.R., P.A. Slaney, A.R. Facchin and R.W. Land. 1989. Size-based survival in steelhead trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss): back-calculated lengths from adults' scales
compared to migrating smolts at the Keogh River, British Columbia. Canadian J. of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 46: 1853-1858.

About the Author and Series

Dr. Craig Orr is a behavioural ecologist who has worked on salmon conservation issues in B.C. for more than a decade. Orr, who has also worked as a seabird ecologist, currently provides advice on selective fishing and water flow issues to the BC Aboriginal Fisheries Commission, and is a member of the board of the Habitat Conservation Trust Fund and Grizzly Bear Trust Fund. He is also president of Watershed Watch Salmon Society.

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